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Drum & Percussion Encyclopedia - 'S' Instruments
Sabar

Name: Sabar
Origin:
Class: Membranophone
Category: Conical

Description: A set of five to seven tuned drums. Each drum is carved from a mohogany log and covered with a shaved goat skin. The skin is attached to the drum using pegs. The lead is the Nder, mid-range is the Mbeng-Mbeng, the bass is the Gorong Talmbat, accompanying those are the Lamb, the Xiin, and the Gorong Babas.
Sakara

Name: Sakara
Origin: Nigeria
Class: Membranophone
Category: Frame

Description: A clay ring covered with goat skin and is played with a stick.
Sanh Sua

Name: Sanh Sua
Origin: Vietnam
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: This instrument produces the sound of a frog or cricket.
Saron

Name: Saron
Origin: Indonesia
Class: Idiophone
Category: Metallophone

Description: Tuned bronze bars, struck with a mallet.
Seed Rattle

Name: Seed Rattle
Origin: Togo
Class: Idiophone
Category: Rattle

Description: About 3/8" thick and 2" across, these hollow brown seeds make a hard clacking sound, like horses hooves on pavement.  
Shekere

Name: Shekere
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category: Rattle

Description: A large gourd covered with a woven beaded netting. The netting is loose fitting so any movement of the gourd will create the sound used as a shaker.

Other Names: Chekere (Cuban)

Shime Daiko

Name: Shime-Daiko
Origin: Japan
Class: Membranophone
Category: Barrel

Description: A two headed large bass drum. The heads are attached with tension ropes, and are larger than the diameter of the shell.
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Name: Shumoku
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description:
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Name: Silnyon
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description:
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Name: Sioux Drum
Origin:
Class: Membranophone
Category: Cylindrical

Description: A ceremonial pow-wow drum.
Sistrum

Name: Sistrum
Origin: Babylonian
Class: Idiophone
Category: Rattle

Description: A rattle made of wood or metal (sometimes a gourd). This is one of the oldest known percussion instruments. It is mostly seen as a 'U' shaped frame with a handle at the bottom. There are small bars inside the frame that each hold jingles or disks. When it is shaken, the disks vibrate together creating the sound.
Slit Bell

Name: Slit Bell
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category: 

Description: Flat, iron junjun bell.
Slit Gong

Name: Slit Gong
Origin: African
Class: Idiophone
Category: Slit Drum

Description: A large hollowed log. It is used in Africa as a signaling drum. The log is carved out usually leaving two distinctive 'tongues' that have their own tone and pitch which varies by the size. There are modern versions available today (but I like the traditional versions).
Modern Slit Gong

Name: Slit Gong (Modern)
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category: Slit Drum

Description: A large hollowed log.
Snare Drum

Name: Snare
Origin:
Class: Membranophone
Category: Cylindrical

Description: The snare drum is the most resounding drum in the set. You can generally hear the snare over all. It is unique due to the wire snares attached to the bottom head. When struck, the membrane vibrates the metal snares and produces a unique sound. It is also used very heavily in marching bands. This drum has also been called a 'side drum'. This was due to the fact that is started as a marching drum that soldiers carried (it usually hung to the side of the drummer). 
Sogo

Name: Sogo
Origin:
Class: Membranophone
Category: Barrel

Description: This drum stands about 26 inches tall. It is played with the hands.
Song Loan

Name: Song Loan
Origin: Vietnam
Class: Idiophone
Category: Clapper

Description: A small clacker that is played with the feet.

Note: Song Loan is the northern name, Song Land is the southern name.

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Name: Spoons
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category: 

Description: Spoons that are attached to one another, and used to simulate clave rhythms.

Other Names: Cucharas (Cuba)

Square Drum

Name: Square Drum
Origin: Ivory Coast
Class: Membranophone
Category:

Description: Frame drums made from sawn boards covered with goatskin, played by hand or with sticks. Wedge tuned.
Steel Drum Lead

Name: Steel Drum Lead
Origin: Trinidad
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: Lead drum. This is the lead steel pan (4th & 5th D). This is the most common lead drum in the world. It is played with soft mallets. It registers as soprano.
Steel Drum Double

Name: Steel Drum Double
Origin: Trinidad
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: Double second drum. These 2 pans cover 2.5 octaves. They register as alto. It is played with soft mallets.
Steel Drum Cello

Name: Steel Drum Cello
Origin: Trinidad
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: Four cello drum. Registers as Tenor. It is played with soft mallets.
Steel Drum Bass

Name: Steel Drum Bass
Origin: Trinidad
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: Six bass drum. Registers as bass. It is played with soft mallets.
Stir Drum

Name: Stir Drum
Origin:
Class: Idiophone
Category:

Description: There are eight pieces of wood, tuned to particular sounds. Played with a mallet.
Surdo

Name: Surdo
Origin:
Class: Membranophone
Category: Cylindrical

Description: A large double headed metal drum.

A1 - A2 - B1 - B2 - C - D1 - D2 - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T1 - T2 - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
Drumset - Idiophones - Membranophones

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